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About Lusaka Province

Lusaka is one of Zambia‘s ten provinces. The provincial capital is Lusaka, which is also the national capital. It is the smallest with 21,896 km2. In terms of population, Lusaka was the most populated and most densely populated with a population of 2,191,225 and density of 100 persons per km2 as of 2010. It is the most urban province with most number of doctors and least number of Malaria related incidents. The province is bordered along Zimbabwe and separated by the Lower Zambezi National Park.

The Lower Zambezi National Park, parts of the Lunsemfwa River valley and the lower Luangwa Valley in the north-east and part of the Kafue Flats in the south-west are the major National parks and game area in Lusaka Province. The Nkhombalyanga festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during July, Dantho festival celebrated in Luangwa District by Chikunda tribe during September, Chakwela Makumbi festival celebrated in Chongwe District by Soli tribe during September are the major festivals in the province.

There are eight districts in the province. As of 2004, the literacy rate was 83 per cent, the unemployment rate was 31 per cent and the general unemployment rate for youth stood at 52 per cent as of 2008. Kenneth Kaunda International Airport and Lusaka City Airport are the two airports in the province.


Lusaka was the site of a village named after its headman Lusaka, which, according to history, was located at Manda Hill, near where the Zambia’s National Assembly building now stands. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard. The area was expanded by European (mainly British) settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway.

In 1935, due to its fairly central location, its situation on the railway and at the crossroads of the Great North Road and Great East Road, it was chosen to replace Livingstone as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia.

After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was a centre of the independence movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia.

In recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector have increased donor confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing, etc. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka as well as Zambia as a whole will develop considerably. Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreign nationals, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organisations and some business people.


Lusaka Province is bordered along Zimbabwe along Lower Zambezi National Park in the south, Central Province in the north, Southern Province in the southwest and Eastern Province in the north east. The general topography of the province is characterized by uplifted plantation surfaces. The general elevation of the nation as a whole is tended towards West to East from the Kalahari Basin. The level of land falls from the upper Congo towards the Zambezi depression in the South forming a plateau.

Kafue River is a tributary of Zambezi River and it has huge valleys breaking the plateau. The province lies in the watershed between Congo DR and Zambezi river systems. The province lies in the frontier formed between the continental divide separating the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean, which traverses from DR Congo to the south of Tanzania. There are three major seasons: a cool dry season from April to August, a hot dry season from August to November and a warm wet season from November to April. The maximum heat and rainfall, both are experienced during October. The annual rainfall is less than 750 mm in the region


As per 2010 Zambian Census Lusaka population was 2,191,225, making it the most populated province. The majority of this population is concentrated in its smallest district, that’s Lusaka Districts, with its population of 1,747,152 (current projections over 2 million) or 79.74%., with a population density of 4,853.2 people per km2.

The province has the population highest growth rate with an average of 4.6% compared national growth rate of 2.8%. In 2000 it was the second most populated province from the Copperbelt province. It had a population of 1,391,329, however, as of the previous census growth rate the Lusaka had surpassed the Copperbelt has the most populated province.


The most spoken language in Lusaka is ciNyanja, a language that exhibits the melting pot of which the Province has become. A linga franca which is closer to ciChewa, ChiNsenga and other languages of Eastern Zambia. The contemporary Lusaka Nyanja has incorporated a lot of borrowed words from English and other languages due to the massive influx of people from the entire Southern and Central African region.

Bemba is another language that is common, Tonga is spoken in pockets of the province. While English was the fastest growing language between 2000 and 2010. It must be noted that there is no clear distinction between dialects and languages in mainstream Zambia. Therefore, languages in the diagrams below will grouped and listed individually.

Economy and Education

As of 2004, the province had 502 basic schools, 39 high schools and the number of school children out of school in ages between 7 and 15 stood at 502 . The unemployment rate was 31 per cent and the general unemployment rate for youth stood at 52 per cent as of 2008. The province had 231 doctors as of 2005. There were 313 Malaria incidence for every 1,000 people in the province as of 2005 and there were 15,429 AIDS death as of 2010.

The total area of crops planted during the year 2014 in the province was 82,603.72 hectares which constituted 4.35% of the total area cultivated in Zambia. The net production stood at 234,807 metric tonnes, which formed 5.76% of the total agricultural production in the country. Wheat was the major crop in the province with 48,510 metric tonnes, constituting 24.07% of the national output. Kenneth Kaunda International Airportand Lusaka City Airport are the two airports in the province.


Primarily due to its high altitude, Lusaka features a humid subtropical climate (Cwa) according to Köppen climate classification. Its coolest month, July, has a monthly mean temperature of 14.9 °C (58.8 °F). Lusaka features hot summers and warm winters, with cold conditions mainly restricted to nights in June and July. The hottest month is October, which sees daily average high temperatures at around 32 °C (90 °F). There are two main seasons: a wet season and a dry season with the dry season lasting around half the year, from April to October.

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