The District Administration is made up of the Council, Office of the District Commissioner (DC) and the traditional administration. Traditionally, Chongwe District is administered by one chiefdom. Chongwe is home to the Soli people and Senior Chieftainess Nkomeshya Mukamambo II is the chieftainship.
Chongwe District assumed the district status in 1993. Over the years, the district has endeavoured to develop infrastructure, both physical and institutional to reduce poverty and attain development.
1 Constituency and 19 Local Government Wards
Like the rest of the country, Chongwe District has a Tropical Savannah type of Climate with three district seasons, namely; the rainy, cold and hot dry seasons.
The economy of Chongwe is predominantly agricultural based. Agriculture is the main economic stay in the district with agricultural activities in crop production, horticultural production and livestock production.
The district is mainly drained by the Chongwe, Musigiwa, and Musangashi rivers which empty their waters into the Zambezi River. Other major perennial rivers include Chalimbana, Lunsemfwa and Luangwa rivers. Smaller rivers include Rufunsa, Mwapula, Mtendeshi, Chakwenga and Munyeta.
The district lies on a relief of between 300 and 1,300 meters above the sea level. The district is divided into three parts by the Zambezi Escarpment and the Chongwe River. The escarpment is composed of ridges and hills covered by forests of Isoberlina and Branchystegia types of which Mopani and Acacia trees dominate.
The district has three main vegetation types, which to some extent have been tempered due to charcoal burning, farming and other human activities. The vegetation types are Dry Miombo, Mopane and Savannah Woodlands. The large tracts of land is Game Management Areas (GMAs) and Forest Reserves.
Chongwe District has a population of 182,174 people (CSO 2010 population projection report). Of the 182,174 people 92,909 (51%) are female while 89,265 (49%) are male. Annual growth rate is 2.5%. The district’s population density is 22.2 persons per square kilometer.