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Luangwa

District Profile

The District Administration is made up of the Council, Office of the District Commissioner (DC) and the traditional administration. Traditionally, Luangwa District has 2 Chiefs namely Senior Chief Mburuma of the Nsenga-Luzi people and Chief Mphuka of the Chikunda people.

Constituencies
1 Constituency and 15 wards

Climate
The district experiences very hot temperatures throughout the year, ranging between 25 and 45 degrees Celsius with humid levels of 60%-70% and has 3 fairly distinct seasons. Rainfall in the District is very unsteady and unpredictable with long dry spells during certain intervals of the year making it a drought prone area.

Hydrology
Luangwa has a vast amount of water resources available from the Zambezi and Luangwa rivers. The two rivers are the major sources of water in the District. Other major natural sources of water which are seasonal include the Kaunga, Mulambwa, Kaulungu and Rufunsa streams.

Topography
The main natural features in the District are the Muchinga Escarpment mountain range that is mainly concentrated on the Northern part of the district with some valleys in parts drained by some seasonal streams. The Western part bordering Chongwe District is relatively flat while the middle part along the Great East Road is relatively mountainous.

Vegetation
The vegetation of Luangwa District is closely related to the topographic domains of the area. The escarpments and plateau areas are covered by Mambo woodlands, while the valleys are dominated by Mopani woodlands. Most of the species in these vegetation types are deciduous, dropping their leaves in May-July and sprouting in August as temperatures rise.

Demography
According to Central Statistics Office (2018) the district has a projected total population of 29, 506 of which 11,979 make up the males and 12,325 females. The population of the district is growing at a rate of 2.9% annually.

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