Lusaka district, which also makes up the capital city, is situated in the Lusaka Province in the central part of Zambia.
District Administration supervises co-ordinates and monitors the operations of Government departments’ parastatals and co-operating Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and collaborates with the Local Authorities, which includes the formulation and implementation of development projects and programmes in developing the district. The District Administration is made up of the Council, Office of the District Commissioner (DC) and the traditional administration.
Lusaka district is actually the second largest economic centre of Zambia and is notable for its substantial diversification in the production of goods and services. It is the centre of national social amenities and it also encompasses all ministries and provincial heads.
The city is home to two indigenous tribes namely, the Solis and the Lenjes.
Lusaka District has 7 Constituencies and Thirty 30 Wards.
Lusaka has a dry climate for the majority of the year with a rainy weather that lasts for four months. The average temperature in Lusaka ranges between 9.60C July, and 28.90C in September.
Several rivers flow around Lusaka and a few streams flow through the city. Surface water is little and no large water bodies are present in Lusaka.
Lusaka is situated on a very flat area that covers approximately 360 km2. Escarpments lie to the east and north of Lusaka, which ends in the Luangwa Valley.
The ‘natural’ vegetation has been so substantially cleared, removed and replaced. Forested areas can be found North and East of the city and Savannah woodlands to the Southwest. Open deciduous woodland, locally known as “miombo” accounts for 80% of the forested areas, while Savannah woodland dominates the remaining areas.
According to Central Statistics Office, Lusaka District’s population stands at 1,747,152 (CSO 2010). Population density in Lusaka varies between 5 and 1,483 people per hectare, with an average density of 150 people per hectare.